Author: David M. Manilla


Blood Alcohol Concentration (% w/v) Stage of Alcohol Influence Clinical Signs/Symptoms
0.09-0.25 Excitement Beginning sensory-motor impairment Slow information processing

Loss of efficiency in finer performance tests

Emotional instability; loss of critical judgment

Impairment of perception, memory, and comprehension

Decreased sensory response; increased reaction time

Reduced visual acuity, peripheral vision and glare recovery

Sensory-motor incoordination; impaired balance


0.18-0.30 Confusion Disorientation, mental confusion; dizziness

Exaggerated emotional states (fear, rage, etc.)

Disturbances of vision (diplopia, etc.)

Increased pain threshold

Increased muscular incoordination; staggering gait, slurred


Apathy, lethargy

0.25-0.40 Stupor General inertia; approaching loss of motor


Markedly decreased response to stimuli

Marked muscular incoordination; inability to

stand or walk

Vomiting; incontinence of urine or feces

Impaired consciousness; sleep or stupor

0.35-0.50 Coma Complete unconsciousness; coma; anesthesia

Depressed or abolished reflexes

Subnormal temperature

Incontinence of urine or feces

Impairment of circulation and respiration

Possible death

0.45+ Death Death from respiratory arrest

Conversion Tables

Metrics Made Easy

Metrics Made Easy
5.00L = 169.0oz 750.0ML = 25.4oz
4.00L = 135.0oz 500.0ML = 16.9oz
3.00L = 101.0oz 375.0ML = 12.7oz
2.00L = 67.6oz 1.75L 355.0ML = 12.0oz
1.75L = 59.2oz 200.0ML = 6.8oz
1.50L = 50.7oz 187.5ML = 6.3oz
1.00L = 33.8oz .50ML = 1.7oz


Caloric Guide To Alcoholic Beverages

WINES Calories pet’ ounce


Red table wine 18
Dry white table wine 20
Champagne (brut) 21
Champagne (extra dry) 29
Catawba (sweet) 30
Madeira 32
Port (U.S.) 43
Porto (imported) 39
Sherry (U.S.) 36
Sherry (dry, imported) 32
Vermouth (dry; French) 27
Vermouth (sweet, Italian) 44
MALT BEVERAGES Calories per 8 ounces


Beer 100
Ale 150
SPIRITS Calories per ounce


Brandies 70-44
Gin 69
Rum (Jamaica) 147
Rum (Puerto Rico) 74
Vodka; 80 prf 70
Whiskey (Canadian & Scotch) 74
Whiskey (Irish & U.S.) 84
LIQUEURS Calories per ounce


Benedictine; Chartreuse,

Drambuie, & other proprietary

& generic liqueurs

BITTERS Calories

per teaspoon

Aromatic bitters 10


The following are some guidelines to use in calculating

quantities of drinks per bottle:


Distilled Spirits & Liqueurs

(Based on 1.5 ounces, Liquor Serving: Per Drink)

Bottles 1 2 4 6 8 10 12
750 ML (25.4 oz.) 16 33 67 101 135 169 203
1 Liter (33.8 oz.) 22 45 90 135 180 225 270
1.75 Liters (59.2 oz.) 39 78 157 236 315 394 473

Wine & Champagne

(Based on 5 ounces, Wine Serving: Per Glass)

Bottles 1 2 4 6 8 10 12
750 ML (25.4 oz.) 5 10 20 30 40 50 60
1 Liter (33.8 oz.) 6 13 27 40 54 67 81
1. 5 Liters (50.7 oz.) 10 20 40 60 81 101 121
3 Liters (101 oz.) 20 40 80 121 161 202 242
4 Liters (135 oz.) 27 54 108 162 216 270 324

If you are facing a DUI / DAI arrest in Pennsylvania, you need help and you need it now!

If your DUI / DAI (Driving After Imbibing) case is pending in Pennsylvania, keep reading. If your DUI / DAI case is pending in another state visit our map to locate a drunk driving defense attorney in your state. provides you with comprehensive information about Pennsylvania drunk driving laws, Driving After Imbibing (DAI) laws, Pennsylvania Administrative License Suspension & Revocations, plus exclusive links to eminently qualified drunk driving defense attorneys in every state.

Get a FREE evaluation of your case by completing our CONFIDENTIAL online initial questionnaire. Upon receipt of your initial questionnaire, we will contact you personally within 24 hours (48 hours if over the weekend). Pennsylvania DUI / DAI Defense Lawyer, David Manilla and support staff stand ready to assist you in weathering the stressful days ahead as we investigate and challenge your pending DUI / DAI charges. We understand the serious nature of your situation and want to help you deal with the stressful and complex issues of a drunk driving arrest. Many DUI lawyers in Pennsylvania are not yet familiar with the new Driving After Imbibing (DAI) laws, however Mr. Manilla is more than capable in challenging these laws in a court of law.

WARNING! If you refused to take a breath, blood or urine test after being arrested for DUI in Pennsylvania, your license will be suspended for a period of not less than 1 year and 3 days mandatory incarceration. A person should take immediate action if the chemical test was refused. Contact Mr. Manilla within (24) hours of refusal date, for proper evaluation.

The arresting officer must forward Notice of Refusal (DL-26 Form), to inform Pennsylvania Department of Transportation of operator’s refusal. Once received, PennDOT forwards a license suspension order within (30) days from date of correspondence. Operator has this time parameter, (30 days from correspondence date), to appeal to civil proceeding.

Pennsylvania DUI / DAI Defense Lawyer David Manilla primarily practices in the following PA Counties: